The Sustainable Land and Ecosystem Management - Country Partnership Programme (SLEM-CPP) is a joint initiative of the Ministry of Environment and Forests, Govt. of India and the Global Environment Facility (GEF) and consists of seven projects being implemented in ten states in India with assistance from the World Bank as the lead agency and the UNDP and FAO. The project sites under SLEM-CPP cover diverse ecological zones including arid, coastal and mountainous ecosystems and address diverse aspects of land and ecosystem management including coastal agriculture, shifting cultivation, watershed management, and groundwater management.
The States where SLEM-CPP is currently operational include, Uttarakhand, Nagaland, Andhra Pradesh, Rajasthan, Himachal Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, West Bengal, Odisha, Haryana and the Union Territory of Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
The programme is led by the Ministry of Environment and Forests in coordination with Ministry of Rural Development and Ministry of Agriculture at the national level, and collaborates closely with State government authorities and other stakeholder groups at the local level. The overall objective of SLEM is to promote sustainable use of biodiversity as well as maintain capacity of ecosystems to deliver goods and services and support livelihoods while addressing challenges to biodiversity from climate change.
It seeks to address this through enhanced local capacity, through preventing, reversing and controlling land degradation through dissemination, replication and scaling-up of successful sustainable land management practices within and across individual Indian states. The programme has a cross-cutting and synergetic approach to achieve multiple global environmental benefits in the context of sustaining rural livelihoods from managing natural resources in a sustainable way.